Frequently Asked Questions
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a collaborative working methodology applied to construction. This work methodology implies the development of a three-dimensional digital model that simulates the real work, allowing the early detection and correction of any errors that would otherwise only be detected on site. This work methodology is, in part, one of the reasons for the recognized technical quality of the projects we develop and practically an absence of errors during the construction process. CONCEPSYS is a specialist in this domain in Portugal, having an autonomous department for BIM consultancy and development.
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As per the document “Working with an Architect” made available by the Order of Architects:
Phase 1 – Preliminary Program Definition / Fees Proposal Presentation
Phase in which the Client and the Architect discuss what is going to be designed, for example, how many bedrooms, rooms and other programmatic requirements, as well as budgetary constraints.
The legal constraints and plans in force are analyzed, such as the PDM (Plano Director Municipal). It is also during this phase that the project’s deadlines, the formation of the project team, and other project constraints are discussed. In parallel, a Fee Proposal is submitted by the Architect and a written Contract is entered into. The Client must deliver, at this stage, the complete Topographical and/or Geological Survey, as well as, if applicable, the Architectural Survey of the existing building.
Phase 2 – Preliminary Study
It is in this phase that the Architect develops the preliminary concept of the Project, according to what was agreed upon in the previous phase. It usually consists of presenting drawings at different scales. Some Architects also present study models and/or three-dimensional simulations of the proposed project, in order to facilitate the Client’s understanding of it. It is in this phase that the development of the Specialty Projects begins, under the direct coordination of the Architect.
Phase 3 – Base Project / Licensing Application
Phase where the Architect develops the Project in accordance with what was established in the previous phase, preparing the approval process for the respective City Council, as well as for the other entities involved in its Licensing, before which the Architect is the technical responsible of the Architectural Project. Simultaneously, or after the Licensing of the Architectural Project, the remaining Specialty Projects legally required for approval will be delivered.
Phase 4 – Execution Project / Measurements and Budget
After the approval by the City Council and other entities of the several Projects (Architecture and Specialties), the Architect prepares the Execution Project, presented in the form of written and drawn parts, easy to interpret by the several intervening parties in its materialization and where all the necessary work for the execution of the work is specified (for example, constructive processes, materials, carpentry, etc). In parallel, the process of Measurement and Budgeting begins, where all the quantities of materials to be used, types of work, and form of execution are itemized, in order to be able to assess the value of the work. It is from these two documents – Execution Project and Measurements and Budget – that the Specifications are prepared, a written document that specifies the general and special technical conditions of construction and binds the Contractor to the other conditions of the work.
Phase 5 – Selecting the Contractor
It is at this stage that the Client selects the construction contractor. The Architect may collaborate with the Client in this phase, helping him analyze the technical capacity of the various candidates, as well as the price and deadline for the completion of the work. It should be borne in mind that price is not always a determining factor in the award, but rather the combination of a wide range of factors. It is also during this phase that the technician who will be responsible before the City Council, for the Technical Work Management, is chosen. This is always appointed by the construction owner (Client) and can be a technician belonging to the technical staff of the construction company, or any other person that the owner chooses, including the author of the project.
Phase 6 – Technical Assistance for the Execution of the Work
This is the materialization phase of all the work done so far. The certification that your Project is fulfilled is an obligation and a duty of the Architect. In this phase, the Architect’s role may include clarifying doubts of interpretation, providing complementary information to the project prepared by him, helping the owner to verify the quality of the materials and the execution of the work, which does not mean that he is obliged to monitor the work. Such a situation should be the object of a contract between the parties, in the certainty, however, that it is always advantageous for the Client to contract such a situation. The Architect, as the author of the Project, cannot supervise his work.
Within the scope of an architectural project, we usually and prefer to also develop the specialty projects duly compatibilized. We do this with competent technicians with whom we are used to working, and thus guarantee you a single interlocutor for all the projects on the site.
We have experience in different project areas. This varied experience proves to be essential to generate innovation, even when we are dealing with very specific project typologies.
Nowadays concepts are more and more open and undefined. A cultural space can add a restoration function. A dwelling can have a tourist purpose. A senior residence can bundle tourism with health and wellness.
In this sense, despite our experience in specific project areas and the fact that we integrate very specialized technicians in the team whenever the specificity of a project requires it, we approach the projects with a broad and unprejudiced vision.
Around the architecture project, there is usually a set of projects, plans and studies, necessary to carry out a quality work:
In this sense and in addition to the architectural projects, we provide the following services:
Water and sewage networks
Ventilation and air conditioning
TV and telecommunications
Thermal behavior (including energy certificate)
Complementary services to architectural projects
Three-dimensional virtual models (photorealistic imaging and animation)
Lighting Projects (interior and exterior)
Intelligence Projects – domotics
Energy sustainability studies
Measurement, budgeting and specifications
Technical assistance to the construction site
Accomplishment of measurement reports
Book of work